China is a treasure trove of historical landmarks belonging to one of the world’s oldest civilizations: the Forbidden City, the Great Wall of China, the Terracotta Army – all of these world – famous landmarks are the pride of China.
Mogao caves.
Mogao caves form a system of 492 temples, (the total length of the territory is 25 km) to the southeast of the city center of Dunhuang. The temples are located on the Silk Road. The caves contain the brightest examples of Buddhist art. The construction of the temples began in 366 AD as a place to store sacred writings and art objects. Mogao is one of the three most famous ancient rock temples in China.
The giant Buddha in Leshan.
The giant Buddha is carved out of a rock in Sichuan Province, in western China. The creation of the statue was started in 713, during the Tang Dynasty. The construction was not completed until 803, despite the fact that thousands of sculptors and workers worked on it. The giant Buddha with a height of 71 meters never ceases to delight visiting tourists and local residents. It is one of the most famous tourist attractions in China.
Huangshan Mountains.
These mountains are one of the main attractions that tourists love to visit. The Huang Mountains are an entire mountain range. Located in the eastern part of China, Huangshan (“Yellow Mountains”) is well known for its scenery, mighty pines and granite peaks. In ancient times, 60,000 steps carved into the rock led to the top of the mountain range. Currently, there are cable cars in the mountains, which greatly simplifies the path.
The terracotta army.
The Terracotta Army is a collection of sculptures depicting the Qin Shi Huang Army (221 ??B.C.-206 B.C.), the first emperor of China. It is the most popular attraction in Xi’an City, one of the most popular in all of China. In the three halls containing the army, there were more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses, and 150 cavalry horses, most of which are still buried.
The Forbidden City.
Located in the center of Beijing, the Forbidden City is the largest palace in the world (1406-1420). It covers 72 hectares.area. The palace complex consists of 980 preserved buildings, high, 10-meter walls, and a deep moat. Twenty-four emperors ruled the country for almost 5 centuries, from the Forbidden City, until the abdication of Pu, the last emperor of China. Today, the Forbidden City is a museum and one of the most popular tourist attractions in China.
Potala Palace.
Located 130 meters above the Lhasa Valley, the Potala Palace rises another 170 meters and is the largest monumental structure in all of Tibet. Construction of the present palace began in 1645 during the reign of the fifth Dalai Lama and by 1648 the “White Palace” was completed. The Red Palace was added between 1690 and 1694.
The largest architectural monument and famous landmark of China is the Great Wall of China . With a length of several thousand kilometers, it is located in the northern part of the country from the Liaodong Bay to the Gobi Desert.
The construction of the wall began in the third century BC by order of the ruler of Qin Shi-Huangdi. It was installed for the purpose of defense, at that turbulent time for China. At an equal distance from each other were the towers, which, with the help of fire, transmitted alarming information to each other. The only way to enter the country was through the checkpoint, which was always closed at night. There is a legend that once even the emperor of China himself had to spend the night at the wall.
About 1 million people took part in the construction – about a fifth of the total population. The peasants were sent to work by force. Thousands of people died during the construction. For this turn of history, it was called the “Chinese Wailing Wall”.
The most convenient site for visiting the Chinese Wall is the one that is located 60 kilometers from Beijing in the vicinity of Mount Badaling.
The second most visited site is located 90 kilometers from Beijing – Mutianyu. Part of the wall is located on a hill, so you can easily get there by funicular. It is possible to go down the same way or in a special capsule.
An interesting part of the Chinese Wall is located in Shanhaiguan. This section is in contact with the sea.
Visiting the attraction is possible at any time of the year. Sometimes there are entertainment and sports events. For example, marathons are organized, during which athletes run distances along the crest of the wall.
There is an opinion that the Chinese wall is clearly visible from orbit. This is possible in the case of close-up photos from the satellite, with the naked eye from space, the attraction is barely discernible. Scientists believe that from this distance, it is similar in size to a human hair.