You’ve probably heard of Turkish coffee, American coffee, Brazilian coffee, Italian coffee, and so on. The most popular drink in the world is prepared differently everywhere, due to cultural and climatic features. We suggest that you run through some bright recipes and, perhaps, make notes with an eye to foreign trips.
North and South America.
In the United States, 2 of the 8 largest coffee ports are located-New Orleans and New York. Interestingly, they are used not only for receiving, but also for storing grains. So, at the end of the 1990s, the stocks in such ports amounted to 10-15 million bags (a standard bag with coffee – 60 kg). In the early 2000s, the figure increased to 20 million. This is due to the growing consumption of the drink – 100 million bags are “drunk” on the planet every year. Consumption is growing by about 1% every year.
In the United States, coffee is considered the national drink. In any case, in many American films and TV series, coffee is given a significant place – in the same “Twin Peaks”. However, in the United States over the past decades, coffee consumption has fallen from 7 to 4 kg per person (per year).
At gas stations and in small cafes in the United States, geyser and filter coffee makers rule – you will certainly be served with an American strong black color, prepared, most likely, a few hours before your appearance. In contrast, at Starbucks, customers get high – calorie milkshakes rather than coffee-so much whipped cream, caramel, or chocolate.
Let’s go further – instant coffee Nescafe is common in Mexico. If you do not specify, it will be served. Better try the “cafe de olla” – the drink is brewed in clay containers along with cinnamon sticks.
In Jamaica, you should definitely try the local coffee with rum and orange, and in Argentina – “lagrima”, a milk foam diluted with strong coffee.
In Ecuador, establishments usually prepare sweet coffee. Moreover, there is a language confusion – the drink “cafe con leche” means separately instant coffee and separately hot milk. Local substitutes for Nescafe are PresCafe and Buendia. Real grain coffee here is called “cafe filtrado”.
Finally, we reached Brazil , the world’s leading coffee producer. Together with Vietnam, this country supplies 150 million bags of coffee to the market annually – the excess goes to warehouses. It is not surprising that in Sao Paulo, the largest city in Brazil and the Southern Hemisphere as a whole, a monument was erected to the coffee tree. As is customary in most exporting countries, low-quality crops remain on the local market.
The coffee business centers in Europe are Bremen, Hamburg, Antwerp, Rotterdam, Trieste and Le Havre . On average, a resident of the Mediterranean drinks 5 kg of coffee per year. In the countries of Scandinavia, this figure is the highest on the planet: 12 kg. Here, as in the United States, geyser and filtration coffee makers are popular.
Traditions vary depending on the territory. In Ireland, in the 1940s, it was invented to mix whiskey, coffee, whipped cream and sugar. A hot cocktail was drunk after dinner. At the moment, it has sold out in bars all over the world. Germany’s answer is “pharisee” with rum, coffee and a cap of cream.
In Finland, they put Lapland cheese in a cup and then pour coffee. In Spain , where cafes are packed with people from dawn, espresso is seasoned with condensed milk (the so-called “bonbon”). In Greece, they save themselves from the heat with the help of frappes. It consists of instant Nescafe coffee, whipped milk and sugar-the mixture is poured into a glass with ice. Frappe is one of the few recipes using instant coffee, which has become popular in many regions.
Italy is the coffee heart of Europe. Coffee is not grown here due to climatic conditions, but it is roasted – there are thousands of roasters in the Apennines. As a result, countless mixes with all sorts of flavors appear on the market. Italy is also the birthplace of espresso. In Italian, the word “espresso” has even become synonymous with coffee. In Rome, it is drunk with a lemon slice, and the slice must be flattened on the bottom and walls of the cup before the first sip.
Someone drinks tea in the morning, someone-hot chocolate, someone-an exotic mixture of apple cider vinegar, honey and herbs, but the most common invigorating drink is, of course, coffee. The statement is also true for the peoples of Africa and Asia.
In markets where coffee is replacing tea, the population still prefers instant drink. However, there are also national peculiarities. For example, the Vietnamese adopted a lot from the French ( Vietnam is a former colony of France). Since it is more difficult to get milk here than in France, condensed milk and ice are added to the coffee – it is still hot. Sometimes the recipe is supplemented with sugar and, do not be surprised, egg yolk.
In Hong Kong, coffee is mixed with black tea, condensed milk and pepper. And in Japan, coffee has been extremely popular for a long time – the country is among the world leaders in the number of coffee machines.
In Turkey, tea is more common than coffee. Although in the capital of the country, Istanbul, you will, of course, easily find where to try espresso, latte and other drinks that are popular. In the province, you will be offered a 3-in-1 drink (coffee powder, cream and sugar). Interestingly, Turkish coffee is the same as Georgian coffee and Greek coffee: a blackened drink with sugar and grain particles floating on the surface.
In Saudi Arabia, coffee is supplemented with spices (cardamom) and served with dates. Fruits here replace sugar.
Finally, let’s take a look at Africa. In Ethiopia, the birthplace of coffee, there is a special ritual of making a drink called “buna”. The owner for half an hour or two hours roasts the grains himself, grinds them and cooks them in a jeben-a vessel with an elongated neck and spout. The ritual is hundreds of years old. By the way, only in Ethiopia coffee trees grow as in the old days – in natural conditions, without restrictions and strict rules, as is customary on plantations.
The journey through the coffee world turned out to be fast, but, we hope, informative. Although coffee is perceived differently in different countries, there are still general trends – this is an emphasis on the quality of the drink and its gradual victory over habits and uniformity.