Chinese traditional holidays.
There are many holidays in the People’s Republic of China. They belong to three main groups: Traditional Chinese holidays (Chinese New Year) Commemorations of New Chinese History (the Day of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China) Borrowed international holidays (Labor Day) Traditional holidays are celebrated according to the Chinese traditional calendar, other holidays are celebrated according to the Gregorian calendar.
元旦 new year 国际妇女节 international women’s day 国际劳动节 day tinder 国际儿童节 international children’s day 教师节 teacher’s day 中国国庆节 the day of the PRC 圣诞节 Christmas 春节 the spring festival 清明节 day, Qing-Min 元宵节 the lantern festival(January 15 on the lunar calendar) 端午节 holiday Duan (may 5 on the lunar calendar) 中秋节 autumn festival(15 August of the lunar calendar) 中国青年节 youth Day of China(may 4) 中国共产党成立纪念日 the day of the founding of the Communist party of China(July 1) 中国人民解放军建军节 the day of the founding of the people’s liberation army of China(August 1)
“Qing-ming” in Chinese means “clear weather”, or rather – “clear light”. This is also one of the 24 seasons of the Chinese traditional calendar. The holiday is usually celebrated in the first decade of April. On this day, people go out of town for the sake of remembering their ancestors or for spring walks.
The Chinese lunar calendar, on 24 March, the traditional memorial Day, Qing-min to commemorate deceased relatives 中国农历三月二十四是传统节日清明节 清明是为了纪念逝去的亲人.
Chinese traditional holidays.
The fifth of May in the Chinese calendar is the holiday of the beginning of summer. He also calls the dragon boat festival.
Duan-wu Festival(端午) It is also called Duan-yang (端阳), or Poet’s Day (诗人人)
Every year, on the 5th of the fifth month, in memory of the great poet, a race on canoes shaped like a dragon is traditionally held on the rivers. At the same time, bamboo kneecaps filled with boiled rice are thrown into the river for Qu Yuan. The people also preserved the custom of eating “zongzi” – rice wrapped in cane leaves on this day.
Dragon Boat festival dedicated to the history of the great national poet Qu Yuan. Qu Yuan, Chu in the Warring States era, his life dedicated to making people happy, loved people. He threw death by drowning, people put dumplings thrown into the river to prevent the fish from eating him. （端午节是献给伟大的民族诗人屈原的历史。在战国时代楚国的屈原，他的一生是致力于使人民幸福，受到人们的喜爱,他投河自尽后，人们把粽子扔进河里防止鱼吃他的尸体)
He was a poet and a Patriot.
The Chinese lunar calendar is a traditional mid-autumn festival.
The mid-autumn festival is a time for family reunions.
It falls in the middle of autumn, so in ancient times it was called “Zhongqiu”. For a long time, every year in the “Zhongqiu” people prepared cakes from flour and brought them as a gift to the moon god. At the end of the ceremony, the whole family ate gingerbread, which symbolized the well-being of the family. This custom has survived to this day. On this day, the full moon is especially bright. Under the bright light of the moon, the whole family gathers together, admires the heavenly body and eats moon cakes.
Chinese New Year.
December is the traditional Chinese Lunar New Year.
The Spring Festival is the biggest festival in China.
The Chinese Spring Festival, like Christmas for Christians, is the most important holiday for the Chinese. On this day, the whole family is gathered. Those who are away from home, hurry home to meet with their relatives. About half a month before the start of the holiday becomes the period of the most intense work of transport in the whole of China. Endless streams of people rush to airports, railway stations and bus stations.
On the eve of the holiday, people make numerous purchases, sew new clothes, perform rites of sacrifice to the God of the hearth and ancestors, and the whole family always gather at the festive table, which is filled with a huge number of dishes. On the night of the Spring festival, which is called “chusi”, the whole family gathers together. A rich festive dinner is arranged, after which conversations on various topics and games are held. Many families do not go to bed all night, this is called “Shousui” – waiting for the New Year. in the morning of the next day, it is supposed to go around the houses of relatives and friends with congratulations and wishes of all the best.