Compositions for the tea ceremony.
The tea ceremony in our region preserves in history the image of a samovar with a textile rooster on top, tea bowls and a long table with benches. Also, of course, a dish of dried fruit and a cat napping on the stove. But the traditions of each individual people are so different that they are sometimes considered wild and meet with misunderstanding.
For example, did you know that in Japan there is a type of ikebana specially created for tea ceremonies? This particular art form is called tyabana (flowers for tea). Now they are often called negire (abandoned flowers), for the general uncouth appearance of the composition.
How the ikebana tea shop came into being.
With the popularization of such a product as tea, the tradition of the tea ceremony appeared in Japan. Like many things, the Japanese have made it a cult, bringing it to perfection. In each house there was a small room called tyasitsu, in which tea parties were held. Bulky and voluminous ikebanas and topiaries did not fit here either in size or mood. Then the master of the tea ceremony in the 16th century, Sen-no Rikkyu, came up with a simple decoration for this room – cha-bai. This small composition could consist of only one flower or twig.
Its purpose was a disposition to light conversation, a sense of relaxation and the pleasure of contemplating the beautiful creation of nature.
Initially, tyaban had no clear rules. On the contrary, it was supposed to create the appearance of minimal human intervention in the composition. Alas, just to throw a flower in a vase and consider it a tyabana is an incredible rudeness and a great delusion. The natural charm of the composition required a lot of experience and perspicacity of the master.
The story tells us how the ruler of the city came to the master in order to see the vaunted garden with his own eyes. But the whole garden was covered with sand, and only in the tea-room was there a vase with a single flower. Then the whole beauty and charm of the plant is revealed to the person. For one flower conveys its beauty much better than a hundred.
In other words, tyabana can be described as-unexpected simplicity. And although it is difficult to document this, there are a number of mandatory rules for tyaban.
There must be harmony between:
- plants and a vase for them; 2. a stand and a vase on it; 3. the compatibility of colors and the background for them; 4. the harmony of colors; 5. the shape of the vase and the shape of flowers; 6. the combination of colors in the bouquet; 7.the arrangement of flowers to each other.
At the same time, there is a list of prohibited plants for tyabana: marigolds, water lily, pomegranate, mountain anise.
For ceremonies in the evening or at night, choose white flowers.
Are you interested in Japan or do you like to arrange gatherings with warm tea? You should try to create your own tyabana. Don’t chase variety – only natural materials and the concept of one idea. The composition should be light, even floating. This can be achieved by using straws, a coil of wire, and glass vases. The Japanese know a lot about pleasure, so let’s adopt the tradition of even drinking tea in an environment of beauty.
And if you are committed to European traditions, just order a cute bouquet of alstroemeria, lilies or roses. And you will only have to install it in a vase and enjoy the natural beauty of fresh, fragrant flowers.