Tea in Japan began to be actively consumed in the 12th century. At this time, Zen Buddhist monasteries begin to cultivate tea plants. Tea has actually become a sacred drink. The monks made an offering of a bowl of tea to the Buddha. It was also drunk by ascetics when they meditated. In the 13th century in Japan, tea traditions permeate the aristocratic circles. Also, tea is beginning to be popular among the samurai. At the same time, the tea ceremony takes the most unusual and in many ways hypertrophied forms.
As a result, the craze for tea in Japan led to the emergence of such a phenomenon as tea gardens. They were arranged separately for the purpose of cultural consumption of tea drink according to all the rules established by that time. Centuries ago, Japan was not as densely populated as it is now. Free land was, if not plentiful, then plentiful. Therefore, over several centuries, thousands of tea gardens were established throughout Japan.
Now the arrangement of a tea garden in Japan is an exceptional event. To afford such a pleasure today can only very wealthy Japanese who can buy a land plot, the price of which exceeds several million dollars. The territory of a modern tea garden is surrounded, as a rule, by a metal or low stone fence. In the first case, a metal picket fence is often used for fences, and in the second, large stones are used in the construction of the fence.
Currently, there are 4 main ways to break up the garden. So, the concept of a tea garden can be based on a natural landscape. The second concept involves creating a garden that “imitates nature”. The two remaining concepts sound like ” landscape “and” dry landscape”. In the first case, it means creating an atmosphere of complete privacy for a tea lover. When using the concept of a dry landscape, the owner of the garden gets the opportunity to feel the water in a place where it is absent. There is another additional concept called the “flat garden”, or hiraniwa garden.
Fences in the tea garden are used to separate its territory from the outside world, as well as to protect the space of the inner garden from the outside. In addition, the fence in the Japanese tea garden also performs a decorative function. Bamboo fences can be used as internal fences. Especially popular is the lattice fence made of bamboo, the height of which is on average 1.2 meters.